The Landmark Project: CHL# 1047


Established on August 3, 1908, the town of Allensworth was the vision of LT. Colonel Allen Allensworth. Born in 1842, Allensworth escaped slavery during the Civil War and joined the Union Navy. In 1886, he became the chaplain of the 24th Infantry Regiment, retiring in 1906 as the highest ranking African American officer in the U.S. Army.

On June 30, 1908, Colonel Allensworth, Professor William Payne, Dr. W.H. Peck, Harry Mitchell and J.W. Palmer formed the California Colony and Home Promoting Association.  They purchased land at this location to build the town of Allensworth – the only town in California founded, built, governed and populated by African Americans.

Also on the US National Register of Historic Places and a US Historic District.

Descriptions of each landmark are from the California Office of Historical Preservation website.

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